The healthcare landscape in India has witnessed significant transformations owing to the implementation of various government initiatives, commonly known as ‘Sarkari Yojnas.’ These schemes are instrumental in addressing healthcare challenges, ensuring better access to quality medical services, and improving overall public health.
1. Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY)
AB-PMJAY, launched in 2018, stands as a game-changer in India’s healthcare sector. By providing health coverage of up to ₹5 lakhs per family per year, it aims to cover over 10 crore vulnerable families, significantly reducing the financial burden of medical expenses and ensuring access to quality healthcare services.
2. National Health Mission (NHM)
The NHM encompasses various programs aimed at improving maternal and child health, preventing and controlling communicable diseases, and providing essential healthcare to rural populations. Through interventions like Janani Suraksha Yojana and immunization drives, NHM has significantly reduced maternal and child mortality rates.
3. Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana (PMJAY)
PMJAY focuses on making quality generic medicines affordable and accessible to all. By establishing Jan Aushadhi Kendras offering generic drugs at affordable prices, this scheme has made healthcare more cost-effective for the masses.
4. National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
NRHM aims to provide accessible, affordable, and quality healthcare to rural populations. It focuses on strengthening healthcare infrastructure, promoting institutional deliveries, and addressing prevalent health issues through community participation.
5. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)
RSBY is a health insurance scheme for the below-poverty-line (BPL) families, offering cashless treatment up to a certain amount for specified diseases. This scheme has provided financial protection against healthcare expenses for many vulnerable families.
6. Mission Indradhanush
Launched in 2014, Mission Indradhanush aims to immunize all children under two years of age and pregnant women against seven vaccine-preventable diseases. This intensive immunization drive has significantly improved vaccination coverage across the country.
7. Telemedicine and Digital Health Initiatives
The government has increasingly emphasized the use of telemedicine and digital health initiatives to improve healthcare accessibility, especially in remote areas. Programs like eSanjeevani facilitate online consultations, enabling patients to connect with healthcare professionals remotely.
These healthcare initiatives under Sarkari Yojnas have been pivotal in transforming the healthcare landscape of India, ensuring better healthcare access, reducing out-of-pocket expenses, and improving overall public health outcomes.
This section provides an overview of key healthcare initiatives undertaken by the government, showcasing their significant role in improving healthcare access and outcomes for the populace. If you need further information or additional sections, please let me know!